Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology PDF Author: Allan Gotthelf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199287953
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 459

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Book Description
This volume draws together Allan Gotthelf's pioneering work on Aristotle's biology. He examines Aristotle's natural teleology, the axiomatic structure of biological explanation, and the reliance on scientifically organized data in the three great works with which Aristotle laid the foundations of biological science.

The Principle of Teleology in the Critical Philosophy of Kant

The Principle of Teleology in the Critical Philosophy of Kant PDF Author: David R. Major
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Teleology
Languages : en
Pages : 100

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Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology PDF Author: Allan Gotthelf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191629162
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
This volume presents an interconnected set of sixteen essays, four of which are previously unpublished, by Allan Gotthelf—one of the leading experts in the study of Aristotle's biological writings. Gotthelf addresses three main topics across Aristotle's three main biological treatises. Starting with his own ground-breaking study of Aristotle's natural teleology and its illuminating relationship with the Generation of Animals, Gotthelf proceeds to the axiomatic structure of biological explanation (and the first principles such explanation proceeds from) in the Parts of Animals. After an exploration of the implications of these two treatises for our understanding of Aristotle's metaphysics, Gotthelf examines important aspects of the method by which Aristotle organizes his data in the History of Animals to make possible such a systematic, explanatory study of animals, offering a new view of the place of classification in that enterprise. In a concluding section on 'Aristotle as Theoretical Biologist', Gotthelf explores the basis of Charles Darwin's great praise of Aristotle and, in the first printing of a lecture delivered worldwide, provides an overview of Aristotle as a philosophically-oriented scientist, and 'a proper verdict' on his greatness as scientist.

Aristotle on Teleology

Aristotle on Teleology PDF Author: Monte Ransome Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199285306
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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"Monte Johnson examines one of the most controversial aspects of Aristotle's natural philosophy: his teleology. Johnson argues that Aristotle's aporetic approach drives a middle course between these traditional oppositions, and avoids the dilemma, frequently urged against teleology, between backwards causation and anthropomorphism. Although these issues have been debated with extraordinary depth by Aristotle scholars, and touched upon by many in the wider philosophical and scientific community as well, there has been no comprehensive historical treatment of the issue."--BOOK JACKET.

Politics and Teleology in Kant

Politics and Teleology in Kant PDF Author: Tatiana Patrone
Publisher: University of Wales Press
ISBN: 1783160675
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
This volume critically examines and elucidates the complex relationship between politics and teleology in Kant's philosophical system. Examining this relationship is of key philosophical importance since Kant develops his political philosophy in the context of a teleological conception of the purposiveness of both nature and human history. Kant's approach poses the dual task of reconciling his normative political theory with both his priori moral philosophy and his teleological philosophy of nature and human history. The fourteen essays in this volume, by leading scholars in the field, explore the relationship between teleology and politics from multiple perspectives. Together, the essays explore Kant's normative political theory and legal philosophy, his cosmopolitanism and views on international relations, his theory of history, his theory of natural teleology, and the broader relationship between morality, history, nature and politics in Kant's works. This important new volume will be of interest to a wide audience, including Kant scholars, scholars and students working on topics in moral and political philosophy, the philosophy of history, political theory and political science, legal scholars and international relations theorists, as well as those interested broadly in the history of ideas.

Teleology in the Ancient World

Teleology in the Ancient World PDF Author: Julius Rocca
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107036631
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 349

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Book Description
This collection provides a comprehensive examination of ancient teleological arguments from philosophical and medical perspectives.

The Teleology of Reason

The Teleology of Reason PDF Author: Courtney D. Fugate
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110367912
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 449

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Book Description
This work argues that teleological motives lie at the heart of Kant’s critical philosophy and that a precise analysis of teleological structures can both illuminate the basic strategy of its fundamental arguments and provide a key to understanding its unity. It thus aims, through an examination of each of Kant’s major writings, to provide a detailed interpretation of his claim that philosophy in the true sense must consist of a teleologia rationis humanae. The author argues that Kant’s critical philosophy forged a new link between traditional teleological concepts and the basic structure of rationality, one that would later inform the dynamic conception of reason at the heart of German Idealism. The process by which this was accomplished began with Kant’s development of a uniquely teleological conception of systematic unity already in the precritical period. The individual chapters of this work attempt to show how Kant adapted and refined this conception of systematic unity so that it came to form the structural basis for the critical philosophy.

Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Science of Nature

Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Science of Nature PDF Author: Mariska Leunissen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139490419
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
In Aristotle's teleological view of the world, natural things come to be and are present for the sake of some function or end (for example, wings are present in birds for the sake of flying). Whereas much of recent scholarship has focused on uncovering the (meta-)physical underpinnings of Aristotle's teleology and its contrasts with his notions of chance and necessity, this book examines Aristotle's use of the theory of natural teleology in producing explanations of natural phenomena. Close analyses of Aristotle's natural treatises and his Posterior Analytics show what methods are used for the discovery of functions or ends that figure in teleological explanations, how these explanations are structured, and how well they work in making sense of phenomena. The book will be valuable for all who are interested in Aristotle's natural science, his philosophy of science, and his biology.

Teleology

Teleology PDF Author: Jeffrey K. McDonough
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190845716
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
"Teleology is the belief that some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. It is the belief that, for example, eyes are for seeing and gills are for breathing. It is the belief that people go to the cinema in order to see films and that salmon swim upstream in order to spawn. The core idea of teleology is thus intuitive enough. Nonetheless, difficult questions arise as we dig deeper into the concept. Is teleology intrinsic or extrinsic-that is, is teleology inherent in its subjects or is it imposed on them from the outside? Does teleology necessarily involve intentionality-that is, does teleology necessarily involve a subject's cognizing some end, goal, or purpose? What is the scope of teleology-is the concept of teleology, for example, applicable to elements and animals, or only to rational beings? Finally, is teleology explanatory? When we say that salmon swim upstream in order to spawn have we explained why they swim upstream? When we say that eyes are for seeing, have we explained why we have eyes? This volume explores the development of the concept of teleology from ancient times to the present. It begins in the Golden Age of Ancient Greece with Plato and Aristotle, winds its way through Islamic, Latin, and Jewish medieval traditions, passes into treatments by leading figures of the scientific revolution and European Enlightenment, and finishes with current debates in contemporary philosophy of biology. Chapter discussions of key figures, traditions and contexts are enlivened and contextualized by a series of intermittent reflections on the implications of teleology in medicine, art, poetry and music"--

Teleology

Teleology PDF Author: Andrew Woodfield
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521143752
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
Andrew Woodfield's detailed survey examines the descriptions and explanations of purpose, goal, end and function.